1. What does 5-P stand for?
2. Review the article Cultural Intelligence in the course documents and discuss it. Find a more recent Study and explain the differences.
1. Why are MNCs increasingly looking for alternative forms of international assignments? Be detailed.
1. Identify three types of legal regulation that shape the type of labor market in a host country environment and provide one example of country differences for each type.
1. What regulatory challenges does the emergence of the gig economy present? Be detailed.
Managing the Global Workforce
Dr. Di Ann Sanchez, SPHR, SHRM-SCP
Responses to Chapter/Assigned Questions:
When answering the questions, include the question before the answer, then provide
complete, thorough, specific responses and discussion for each question. When
information from outside sources is required, have essential information from the source
and use the proper APA in-text and Reference documentation. Do not include any direct
quotes from either the textbook or sources. While retyping the question is not typical
of APA style, it will ensure that I see your complete response. Unless otherwise
requested, graphics such as diagrams, pictures, tables, etc., are not counted as part of the
minimum number of pages. While these may be used to explain your response to a
question, they will not count as part of the minimum number of pages.
Plagiarism: Plagiarism is the presentation of someone else's work as though it were your own. If you
use another person's words, ideas, or information, or material from a source – whether a
book, magazine, newspaper, business publication, broadcast, speech, or electronic media
– you must acknowledge the source. Plagiarism is a violation of the University's code of
student ethical conduct and is taken seriously. Amberton University operates on an honor
system; therefore, honesty and integrity are essential characteristics of all associated with
the institution. All Amberton University students are expected to abide by the honor
system and maintain academic integrity in all their work.
Amberton University and its instructors monitor student work for plagiarism and reserve
the right to submit such work to technology-based anti-plagiarism services and
applications at any time. Students agree that by taking this course, all required papers
may be subject to submission for textual similarity review to TurnItIn.com to detect
plagiarism. In addition, all submitted papers will be included as source documents in the
TurnItIn.com reference database solely to detect plagiarism in such papers. Use of
TurnItIn.com service is subject to the Usage Policy posted on the TurnItIn.com site.
Outside Sources and APA: Outside sources will be required as part of several assignments. The articles/sources must
be current (2016-present), peer-reviewed, and from various professional journals. Use
EBSCO and other electronic databases to locate the articles. The articles should be
related to assigned chapters in the textbook. For clarification, an example of a scholarly,
peer-reviewed source would be Harvard Business Review, Academy of Management
Journal, etc. It is recommended to use online databases (i.e., EBSCO) to locate your
articles. The assignment document should include a Cover Page and a Reference Page.
Use the APA format for the Cover Page, Reference Page, and in-text citations. Refer to
the Citation Styles Tutorial and then locate the APA website. Select the APA website and
then review the APA Basic Tutorial and the Frequently Asked Questions. Submit all parts
of each Assignment as one document.
The written assignments should include the critical tenets of both the articles with
supporting the rationale. The student learner should use critical thinking and relate items
found in the chapter readings to synthesize the articles. The last paragraph of the paper
includes your opinion, and only in the previous section of the article and how it could
help contemporary management. The written assignments should exhibit scholarly
collegiate composition and critical thinking.
All assignments should be submitted in Microsoft Word using a 12 pt. Font size and
formatted as double-spaced using Times New Roman. Each of the Assignments has been
divided into specific questions with the suggested completion order. However, all the
questions in Assignment One will be submitted together by the due date and so forth.
Only one Assignment will be submitted at a time. Assignments may be submitted early
so you can work around other scheduling issues; however, they will not be graded until
after the official due date. Once one Assignment has been graded and returned to you,
another may be submitted. All Assignments are to be of graduate-level quality and will
be graded accordingly.
We will use the American Psychological Association (also known as APA) as the
standard. Your use of the APA style assures that you demonstrate consistency,
professional appearance, organization, and sufficient authentication and documentation.
Therefore, I will consider using proper APA style (7th edition) and the professionalism of
your work in determining your grade for an assignment. Written submissions must
follow the following guidelines:
A title page that provides appropriate identifying information (APA manual provides an example)
Double spacing left-justified
Type size of 12 points
Times New Roman font or its equivalent
One inch margins on all sides
Cite your sources and provide a reference page
Submit assignments in Word formats
Page numbers (Title page, table of contents, and references are not counted in the number of pages submitted).
Properly cite sources in the body of your submission
Inquiry and Analysis Rubric For All Assignments:
Excellent (3) Acceptable (2) Unacceptable (1)
Topic selection Identifying and understanding issues relevant to the topic of discussion.
Identifies a focused topic that addresses significant and relevant aspects of management. Thoroughly evaluates the relevance of the topic to the overall 21st-century business implications and/or conditions (global or domestic).
Identifies a topic that addresses some relevant aspects of management. Some evaluation of the relevance of the topic to the overall 21st-century business implications and/or conditions (global or domestic).
Identifies a topic that is too general and fails to address relevant aspects of management. Little evaluation of the topic and relevance to the 21st- century business.
Existing Knowledge, Research, and/or Views Selecting and synthesizing information from relevant sources to investigate a point of view or approaches.
Presents in-depth information from relevant sources representing various points of views regarding the management topic. Writing is clear, organized, logical and coherent. The document is written in accordance with APA acceptable standards
Presents information from relevant sources representing the limited point of views regarding management topic. Writing is coherent. Most of the document is in accordance with APA accepted standards.
Presents information from irrelevant sources representing the limited point of views regarding management topic. Fails to arrange ideas appropriately, writing is incoherent. APA is not followed in accordance with APA accepted standards.
Design Process Synthesizing information using an appropriate methodology or theoretical frameworks.
Critical elements of the methodology or theoretical framework are appropriately developed.
Some critical elements of the methodology or theoretical framework are missing, incorrectly developed or unfocused.
Does not define elements of the methodology or theoretical frameworks necessary for the topic.
Analysis Breaking complex topics or issues into organized evidence revealing patterns, differences, or similarities related to management.
Correctly identifies complex evidence analyzing, organizing and revealing important patterns, differences or similarities related to management.
Some evidence is analyzed and organized but does not effectively reveal important patterns, differences or similarities related to management.
Some evidence is listed but is not organized and/or not related to management.
Conclusions Stating a logical and justified conclusion exhibiting a clear knowledge of the topic or issues related to management.
States detailed and relevant conclusions based on the inquiry and analysis conducted.
States general conclusions that because it is so general, it also applies beyond the scope of inquiry and analysis conducted.
States illogical conclusions or unsupported inquiry. No evidence of analysis conducted.
Limitations and Implications Discussing relevant supported limitations, weaknesses, and implications to management.
Discusses detailed relevant and supported limitations, weaknesses, and implications.
Presents relevant and supported limitations, weaknesses, and implications.
Limitations, weaknesses, and implications are irrelevant and unsupported.
Scoring Key: Excellent 16 – 18 Acceptable 12 – 15 Unacceptable 0 – 11
Bloom's Taxonomy: Bloom's taxonomy is a classification system used to define and distinguish different
student learners' cognition levels—i.e., thinking, learning, and understanding. Educators
typically use Bloom's taxonomy to inform and guide the development of assessments
(tests and other evaluations of student learner learning), curriculum (units, lessons,
projects, and other learning activities, and instructional methods such as questing
strategies. This system is used in undergraduate and graduate education programs
throughout the United States. It has also been translated into many languages and used
around the world. Educators focus on the Cognitive Model, which includes six different
classification levels: Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and
Late postings will not be accepted. Discussion postings are a two-step process. In Step
1, you will be asked to post a response to a discussion question. This may include
textbook questions, reviewing video links, conducting internet searches, and/or mini-
cases. I am expecting 250 to 400 words in your responses. In Step 2, you will pick two
other student learners' posting and give them feedback. Your job is not to "nit-pick" their
post. If you disagree, provide scholarly-based feedback. It would help if you expanded
upon the posting content in your response. Comments like "great article" will not be
accepted. Be specific in your feedback. I am expecting 75-100 words in each of your
responses to other student learners' postings. Reactions to other student learners' postings
are due 5 days after the due date for the Step 1 postings.
Grading of discussion postings will be proportioned as follows:
60% – your original posting with a reference
20% – review of one other posting
20% – review of one other posting
Discussion Grading Rubric:
Criteria Excellent (3) Acceptable (2) Unacceptable
and responses on
original post on
due date but not
All postings are
gained from the
Very clear that
word count and
not meet the
count and no
Postings have a
not meet the
count and no
Meaning of Substantive: For this class, substantive means that your message has
substance and helps further the course content discussion. Substantive statements often
include contributions of additional ideas and sources, insights or questions about
classmates' comments, connections to the course readings, or ways of applying the
lessons from the course. You will notice points deducted from your score if you do not
provide substance to your DQs and participation posts. Please keep in mind that
participation (DQ's) is worth 15% of your overall course score. When preparing your DQ
responses, please be thorough in your assessment and provide references.
Tips for Creating Substantive Participation:
• Explain why you agree or disagree, and add some examples to support your belief.
• Relate your personal or work experiences to the topic at hand.
• Ask additional questions from your classmates.
• Make connections between the topics at hand and the readings in the text.
• Add ways you can apply the lessons from the class in your work and academic life.
Graduate Project Rubric:
Critical Thinking Rubric Graduate Research Project
N = Excellent (3) Acceptable (2)` Unacceptable (1)
Explanation of issues Identifying and understanding issues relevant to the topic of discussion.
Identifies and exhibits a clear knowledge of most of the issues relevant to the topic. The topic is critically stated and described comprehensively. Delivers most of the information for full understanding.
Identifies and exhibits some knowledge of the issues relevant to the topic. Some of the topic and relevant issues are explored. Delivers some information that may deter from a full understanding
Few issues are identified that are relevant to the topic. There is little to no clarification of the information relevant to the topic.
Evidence Selecting and using the information to investigate a point of view or conclusion.
Information is taken from 10-12 scholarly sources with enough interpretation/investigation and/or comprehension to develop a comprehensive analysis. Scholarly viewpoints are questioned.
Information is taken from 5-9 scholarly sources with some interpretation/investigation and/or comprehension to develop some analysis. Some scholarly viewpoints are questioned but mostly taken as fact.
Information is taken from 1-4 scholarly sources without any interpretation/investigation. Scholarly viewpoints are taken as fact without question.
Influence of context and assumptions Systematically and methodically analyzes and evaluates the relevance of the topic to the overall body of knowledge.
Identifies most of the assumptions (own and others) when presenting topic position. Evaluates and questions the relevance of the topic to the overall 21st-century global business implications and/or conditions.
Identifies some assumptions (own or others) when presenting topic position. Some evaluation of the relevance of the topic to the overall 21st-century business global implications and/or conditions.
Shows little awareness of assumptions (own or others) when presenting topic position — little evaluation of the topic and relevance to the 21st-century business.
Student learner's position (perspective, thesis/hypothesis) Positioning clearly stated taking into account complexities of the topic. Comparing and contrasting relevant to the topic. APA standards conducted.
Specific position is creative and logically presented. Compares and contrasts different sides to the topic. Accurately addresses the complexity of the topic/issues. Ideas are clearly arranged with sufficient detail and support. Writing is clear, organized, logical, and coherent. The entire document is written in accordance with APA acceptable standards.
Compares and contrasts different sides to the topic but fails to take a specific position or takes a position but fails to compare and contrast different sides of the topic. Addresses some complexities of the topic/issues. Some ideas are arranged appropriately, but limited detail and support are documented. Writing is coherent. Most of the document is in accordance with APA accepted standards.
A specific position is stated but is too simple and obvious. Little or no comparison or contrasting is conducted. Complexities of the topic/issues are not discussed. Fails to arrange ideas appropriately, writing is incoherent. APA is not followed in accordance with APA accepted standards.
Conclusions and related outcomes (implications and consequences) Logically reflecting informed conclusions and outcomes through sound evidence.
Conclusions are logically tied to scholarly research information. Most viewpoints and outcomes are clearly identified and logical.
Some conclusions are tied to scholarly research. Some viewpoints and outcomes are identified but lack clarity.
Conclusions fail to show relevance to scholarly research. Outcomes and viewpoints are simple and inconsistent.
Scoring Key: Excellent 13 – 15
Acceptable 9 – 12 Unacceptable 0 – 8
GRADUATE PROJECT: Each graduate student will conduct a presentation via YouTube or other technology.
First, you will need to convert your recorded PowerPoint presentation to a video movie or
MPEG; then, you may upload it to YouTube. At that point, YouTube will give you a link
to share both on the discussion board for other students to review and in Moodle. You
will be expected to develop and design an effective global mobility program
highlighting international assignments, adjustment to foreign cultures, work role
factors, expatriation-repatriation cycle, and support practices of a particular
country. Refer to the Moodle for Graduate Research Project due date. You will
need to submit a PowerPoint PDF in Moodle.
The presentation will consist of a professional 25-30 minute analysis. You should use
PowerPoint (or other technology) to create the recording and production of the topic, and
presentations should be professional and engaging. You are also expected to follow
Bloom's Taxonomy Guidelines during your presentation, including a robust Literature
Review. Would you please review my webcast on the details of your Graduate Research Project? Your grade will be based on the Critical Thinking Rubric (see study
guide). The student learner is expected to do ample research on the Managing the
Global Workforce, Global Mobility Programs and provide recent and relevant updated
25-30 minute presentation (recording).
Zoom meeting with librarians and pre-approval by me. If these are not completed, there will be a 10% penalty. You will have a call with me.
Graduate Project should include Introduction including your hypothesis statement; full literature review including studies relating to your topic,
limitations of the studies, what suggestions were made in each study (see
rubric); the methodology you used, and conclusions showing implications to
the 21st-century workforce. What recommendations would you make based
You must upload the Graduate Research Project PDF to Moodle.
The presentation Link should be posted in the Moodle discussion area for other student learners to review and comment!!
Great work. APA was excellent. You could improve your grade by being more thorough in your answers and using critical think. Awesome assignment 1 . Below is an example of an example. Hope this helps.
1. Discuss how the significant studies of cultural values are similar.
Cultures have been studied and examined through many different research streams over
the years. Cross-cultural management focuses on various research literature, including comparative management, international management, and cross-cultural management, showing the similarities and differences in cultural views on multiple countries. There are three major cultural views studied by researchers; (1) positivist views, (2) interpretive views, and (3) critical views. Each view highlights the diverse dimensions that existed in each country and social group, and it helps to identify the etic views on each cultural dynamic (Reiche et al., 2019).
Positivist views, which identify the basic needs of human beings, have several significant studies to shape the cultural dynamic by linking variations to different values. The cultural studies based on positivist views categorize individuals, social groups, countries into dimensions and scale high or low of the basic needs that the country collectively prefers. For example, Hofstede's study is based on categorizing a country into dimensions such as power distance, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, long-term orientation, and indulgence vs. restraint (Reiche et al., 2019). GLOBE project is another research similar to Hofstede’s study, but it further added and refined the dimensions to identify cultural characteristics more precisely. In the GLOBE project, dimensions like Humane Orientation were added to assess the cultural preference of whether the country naturally promotes individuals to be fair, kind, and generous (Reiche et al., 2019). Assertiveness is another dimension added to the study done by the GLOBE project. It measures high assertiveness/dominance and high sympathy/cooperation—the Rokeach Value Survey established by Schwartz and Bilsky. The survey is based on seven values, egalitarianism, mastery, harmony, affective autonomy, intellectual autonomy, hierarchy, and embeddedness. The survey is believed to shape the culture based on which value is more important.
All the significant studies for cross-culture management are generalized dimensions of certain groups (social and geographical). It is a more etic and quantitative approach that identifies culture from outside in. Although it is possible to achieve the generalized ideas and big picture of particular cultural characteristics through those significant studies, more in-depth understanding can be better achieved through an emic and qualitative approach by examining the culture from inside. For example, studies for interpretive views explicate how people comprehend the message or experience the situation, and critical views highlight unfavorable circumstances that the particular group needs to deal with. Those emic techniques to shape culture from various angles would add more complexion to each culture.
Exercise 1 Questions
MGT 6220. E1
Dr. Di Ann Sanchez
January 7, 2022
1. Can you provide an example of knowledge achieved by the interpretive view?
An organization is a breathing living thing, and most research about HRM treats an organization as such. Different authors have expressed this sentiment by suggesting catchy names such as "organizations in action," which gives companies life and separates it from the idea that it is an abstract concept. The main objective of the human resource field is to understand the makeup and culture of an organization, mainly placing the focus on three perspectives or rather lenses through which an organization can be understood (Capper, 2018). These three perspectives include; critical, traditional, and interpretive, which will be the focus of this discussion. So, what is an interpretive view?
An interpretive view concerns a particular subject resulting from interpretive view research. An interpretive approach in research is based on social theories that understand different social constructs (Putnam & Banghart, 2017). The interpretive view has been used to obtain knowledge on various topics such as human resource management since such an area significantly involves the social behaviors of people. This perspective looks at the organization as a culture; as mentioned, an organization is a living and breathing thing, and the interpretive perspective embraces this concept. The focus is mainly on how the employees shape the organization's culture, rather than direction and communication from the top to bottom. At every level of the organization, the culture is molded, remolded, and shaped.
Through gaining this insight on human behaviors, human resource managers can make effective tactics that they will use to manage people from different cultural backgrounds. This results in a culturally diverse workplace where people coexist in peace and harmony. It also results in the existence of a competitive workforce. For example, a manager can ask why the Muslim employees leave early on Friday afternoons; the answer maybe because they need to visit the mosque. This response will help HR use this information to develop a conducive workplace for Muslim employees. Therefore, interpretive view will create an inclusive environment within the workforce.
2. Discuss how the significant studies of cultural values are similar.
Cultural values are principles that people within a society live by which enable them to coexist in peace and harmony. Studying cultural values is essential since it provides a good understanding of principles that affect people's behavior. Studies of cultural values have a single similarity which is they all encompass understanding the cultural principles of people from different societies, which affect their social behaviors.
Cultural values are fundamental in our societies, apparent in different regions of the world. According to Schwartz et al. (2012), in the last 30 years, researchers requested individuals to rate different values regarding their importance as their lives' guiding principles. The analysis of the results showed that human value structure is similar in more than 80 countries, which means that the same values have been the same in different regions. It is easy to create a cluster of values that can fulfill a multi-cultural workplace. According to Schwartz (2012), all the values could be placed into three broad categories: conservation values, openness values, self-enhancement values, and self-transcendence values. There are value clusters that are motivationally compatible values, which are adjacent value types. On the other hand, there are opposing motivationally incompatible value types.
Therefore, different employees from different cultures can endorse the same values but associate with the same values in different ways. Equality regarding men and women is promoted universally, but some countries do not endorse gender equality (Hanel et al., 2017).
3. Evaluate whether cross-cultural differences in HRM practices are increasing or decreasing and why.
People from different cultures result in cultural diversity in the workplace. This necessitates for the human resource managers to have good cross-cultural HRM practices. There is an increase in cross-cultural differences in HRM practices due to various factors in our current time. One of the factors contributing to an increase in the cross-cultural difference in HRM practices is the growth of multinational enterprises globally (Zhu et al., 2017). This has resulted in a culturally diverse workforce, which necessitates the existence of cross-cultural HRM practices.
While Globalization is the main reason for a multi-cultural workplace, various factors contribute to the increased cross-cultural differences in HRM practices. The Internet and technology, in general, have made it easy for any individual to work remotely in any organization around the world. Currently, Web 3.0 brings virtual reality to the workplace and gets rid of geographic inhibitions (Hudson et al., 2019). At this moment, different cultures will interact, giving HRM a massive task of handling the increased cross-cultural differences. It is logical that if more people from every culture around the world can work in an organization, there will be more cross-cultural experiences and differences.
Therefore, Globalization and the fourth industrial revolution guarantee a multi-cultural workplace that results in more cross-cultural differences. It means that HR departments and HRM experts should be prepared with the required tools that will be needed to deal with the increasing cross-cultural differences in Human Resource Management Practices.
4. What are the origins of the `four influences’ framework?
Due to a cross-cultural workforce, the four influences framework was developed to help understand people from different cultural backgrounds. The four influences are the cultural perspective, the universal perspective, the contingency perspective, and the institutional perspective. These influences significantly shape the cultural perspectives of different people from different cultures. The origin of these influences is the growth of a culturally diverse workforce. A culturally diverse workforce emanates from migrating people from different areas to more developed areas in search of better working conditions (Sent & Kroese, 2020). This migration resulted in a cross-cultural workforce which necessita
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